Animal Welfare and Meat Science by Neville G Gregory PDF

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By Neville G Gregory

ISBN-10: 085199296X

ISBN-13: 9780851992969

Animal welfare concerns have gotten more and more well-liked in animal prodution, for either fiscal and ethical purposes. This booklet provides a transparent figuring out of the connection among the welfare of significant foodstuff animal species and their body structure, and the direct effect this has on meat caliber. This new version specializes in fresh examine and advancements and in addition appears into welfare in aquaculture.

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The hind feet are placed close to the front feet and so they are usually safe from bruising by angular stones in the track provided the cow can focus on positioning its front feet. If the cows are rushed, they are not able to assess the track and place their feet safely. The risk of foot damage is also increased whenever the cattle are crowded. For example, at gateways the cows make unplanned foot placement as they jostle and push each other for position. There are three important lessons from this: • • • On rough uneven surfaces, the handler should be patient and allow cattle to move at their own pace.

During rehydration, the water content in the skin and subcutaneous tissues returns to normal in response to their raised osmotic pressure (Heir and Wiig, 1988). Dehydration also results in a drier, sticky meat which has a higher water-holding capacity. , 1994). Eye muscle area can be reduced in severely dehydrated pigs, and the yield of offal and chymozin from calf vells (abomasums) is reduced. Stock usually rehydrate by drinking water whilst they are held in the lairage. In many countries it is a requirement that water should always be available in the holding pens.

Points of congestion pose a higher risk of foot injury. Taking cattle over soft ground avoids foot damage, but where tracks are needed to prevent poaching (pugging) of the ground, they should be well maintained. The aim in track maintenance should be to provide an even, well-drained surface with few loose angular stones. Loading and unloading stock can be very stressful for the animals. Some of the best loading and unloading facilities have no ramps. Instead, singledeck trucks, of a standard size and height, back on to a level unloading platform; they have sliding doors instead of tailboards, and bridging flaps span the small gap between the unloading platform and the truck floor.

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Animal Welfare and Meat Science by Neville G Gregory

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