Biotechnology

Artur Cavaco-Paulo, V. A. Nierstrasz Vincent Nierstrasz's Advances in Textile Biotechnology PDF

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By Artur Cavaco-Paulo, V. A. Nierstrasz Vincent Nierstrasz

ISBN-10: 1845696255

ISBN-13: 9781845696252

Biotechnology has impacted the textiles during the improvement of extra effective and environmentally pleasant production techniques, in addition to permitting the layout of superior cloth fabrics. This ebook will supply a radical review of present and destiny focuses of biotechnology within the fiber and cloth undefined. half one of many ebook opens with a evaluate of applied sciences keen on fabric biotechnology. Chapters discover the layout and engineering of novel enzymes for fabric functions and advancements in techniques and gear for enzymatic cloth remedies. half investigates the amendment of specific fibers by using biotechnology. Key themes contain the remedy of wool and silk fibers and the enzymatic therapy as opposed to traditional processing of cotton. With specialist contributions from leaders of their fields, Advances in fabric Biotechnology will function a finished advisor for these within the cloth and fiber undefined, in addition to specialists within the biology, chemical and environmental engineering industries.

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Extra resources for Advances in Textile Biotechnology

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Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2010 Design and engineering of novel enzymes for textile applications 29 schulein m (2000), ‘Protein engineering of cellulases’, Biochim Biophys Acta, 1543(2), 239–252. 1016/S0167-4838(00)00247-8. schumacher k, heine e and hocker h (2001), ‘Extremozymes for improving wool properties’, J Biotechnol, 89(2–3), 281–288. 1016/S01681656(01)00314-5. shen j, bishop d p, heine e and hollfelder b (1999), ‘Factors affecting the control of proteolytic enzyme reactions on wool’, J Text Inst, 90(3), 404–411.

Glumae for example, the aspartate residues in position 354 and 357 were identified as calcium-binding ligands and replacement of Asp357 by a glutamate decreased the affinity for calcium ions by 30-fold. Introduction of a lysine, an asparagine, or an alanine at position 357 and of a lysine or an asparagine at position 354 resulted in © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2010 Design and engineering of novel enzymes for textile applications 19 calcium-independent variants. Although the Asp357Lys, Asp357Asn, and Asp357Ala variants did not bind calcium, at elevated temperatures these calcium-independent mutants showed a reduced activity.

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Advances in Textile Biotechnology by Artur Cavaco-Paulo, V. A. Nierstrasz Vincent Nierstrasz


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