New PDF release: A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm before the
By Melvyn C. Goldstein
It isn't attainable to completely comprehend modern politics among China and the Dalai Lama with out figuring out what happened--and why--during the Nineteen Fifties. In a ebook that maintains the tale of Tibet's historical past that he started in his acclaimed A heritage of contemporary Tibet, 1913-1951: The dying of the Lamaist nation, Melvyn C. Goldstein severely revises our figuring out of that key interval in midcentury. This authoritative account makes use of new archival fabric, together with by no means prior to visible records, and vast interviews with Tibetans, together with the Dalai Lama, and with chinese language officers. Goldstein furnishes attention-grabbing and occasionally incredible photographs of those significant avid gamers as he deftly unravels the fateful intertwining of Tibetan and chinese language politics opposed to the backdrop of the Korean conflict, the tenuous Sino-Soviet alliance, and American chilly warfare coverage.
Read or Download A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm before the Storm: 1951-1955 (Philip E. Lilienthal Books) PDF
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Additional info for A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm before the Storm: 1951-1955 (Philip E. Lilienthal Books)
In Tibetan this is expressed as phusum pharma (“the middle of three sons”). introduction 15 organize their family’s human resources; for example, the parents of a family with four sons might decide to make one or two a monk and marry the rest polyandrously, since four brothers sharing a wife was considered difﬁcult, whereas two or three was considered ideal. Parents sometimes broached the subject with a son but usually simply told him of their decision. For parents, whether or not the child wanted to become a monk was irrelevant.
6 In addition to this set of powerful historical and nationalistic issues, and in a sense inextricably intertwined with them, was the geopolitical signiﬁcance of Tibet for China’s national security. Losing Mongolia was not a great security risk, because it was a loyal Communist satellite of the USSR. Tibet, on the other hand, was a religious theocracy in which the elite aristocracy was inﬂuenced by British customs and language. When the elite wanted to give their children a modern education, they sent them to British missionary schools in India.
Serving the government as a lay ofﬁcial was technically an obligation but in reality was a carefully guarded prerogative. With the exception of the families of the successive dalai lamas and, in the twentieth century, a few very rich trading families, nonnobles could not become lay government ofﬁcials. The monk ofﬁcial segment of the government was recruited primarily from a small number of monasteries, principally the three huge monasteries around Lhasa (Sera, Drepung, and Ganden) but also a few others such as Muru and Shide.
A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm before the Storm: 1951-1955 (Philip E. Lilienthal Books) by Melvyn C. Goldstein